Wall packs offer an effective means of illuminating building perimeters, bolstering security and aiding wayfinding, but many are limited in terms of their efficiency, with minimal or nonexistent cutoff. Moreover, because wall packs typically operate in areas with low occupancy rates, they often waste energy fully illuminating vacant spaces for hours at a time every night.
In 2012, UC Davis upgraded its exterior lighting as part of the university’s Smart Lighting Initiative. Wall packs on campus, like other exterior lighting fixtures, were retrofitted with dimmable LED sources, motion sensors, and wireless controls. This allowed the units to be incorporated into an adaptive campuswide lighting control system. The system offers an intelligent, networked approach to lighting and energy management, with improved lighting quality and optimal energy efficiency.
This document provides overviews of exterior lighting technologies that would best be integrated into national parks as retrofits or new designs, as well as tips for evaluating light sources, performing a lighting audit, and pairing lamps with lighting controls. The key issues to consider when performing a retrofit or new lighting design are energy, cost, and maintenance savings, and this guide is intended to help make these decisions easier.
This study focuses on controls systems designed for street and parking lot lighting applications. These systems provide tools to manage and monitor city-wide streetlight assets remotely, including the potential to meter actual street lighting energy use. Networked controls that offer dimming capability can also provide energy savings through adaptive street lighting management, the practice of reducing lighting power and output as conditions change over time.
To address California’s critical need for targeted, practical technology improvements that reduce lighting energy use and advance building energy-efficiency, in 2009, the California Energy Commission initiated a comprehensive lighting research, development, demonstration and outreach program in partnership with the California Lighting Technology Center.