This business case describes four adaptive lighting systems. All four cut energy use and electricity costs by over 70%. Large-scale upgrades generally yield the best results, and they qualify for the biggest incentives.
In the summer of 2010 the California Lighting Technology Center (CLTC) and Philips Hadco produced an adaptive solution that combined a dimmable LED source and a mounting collar equipped with occupancy sensors. The collar provides 360-degree occupancy sensor coverage. This demonstration involved whole-head replacement of the existing luminaires, but results could also be achieved with a retrofit kit. The new luminaires feature good color quality, improved efficiency and a longer lifespan.
A basic adaptive lighting system is composed of occupancy sensors, dimmable ballasts and sources, and a communication platform for the system components. By combining commercially-available components, multiple solutions may be implemented to deliver occupancy-based, adaptive corridor lighting. Three of these solutions were demonstrated and evaluated in corridor applications in a multi-use building at the University of California, Davis.
The California Energy Commission’s Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program funded the demonstration of bi-level fluorescent parking garage luminaires that combine mature fluorescent sources with occupancy-based dimming controls. The Philips Day-Brite Vaporlume fluorescent strip fixture, equipped with an optional occupancy sensor and step-dimming ballast, automatically reduces power consumption upon vacancy and increases to full power upon occupancy. Bi-level products may be combined with traditional photocontrols to maximize energy savings.
Philips Day-Brite and CLTC partnered on this SPEED-sponsored project to demonstrate a adaptive high intensity discharge (HID) wall pack from Philips Day-Brite’s established NiteBrites product line. The product provides dynamic light levels to surrounding areas based on occupancy using a single HID lamp and fixture-integrated occupancy sensor.
The California Energy Commission’s Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program through the California Lighting Technology Center funded development of a bi-level parking garage luminaire that integrates state-of-the-art induction sources and occupancy-based dimming controls.
Adura Technologies in partnership with the California Lighting Technology Center (CLTC) developed a wireless integrated photosensor and motion sensor (WIPAM) system that uses wireless communications to circumvent the complicated wiring issue, thus increasing the pool of buildings that could cost effectively benefit from lighting controls.
PIER-sponsored research, development, and demonstration has focused on the combination of occupancy-based lighting controls and broad-spectrum light sources to create intelligent, bi-level luminaires designed for street and parking area applications. These products achieve 30 – 75% energy savings compared to traditional street and area luminaires, meet stringent energy-efficiency standards, and provide excellent light distribution for reduced night sky pollution.
California's Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) program sponsored the development of adaptive parking garage luminaires that integrate intelligent controls with adaptive electronic drivers or ballasts to control light output based on garage occupancy. CLTC partnered with PIER on three demonstrations of the technology in parking garages at CSU Sacramento, CSU Long Beach and the San Marcos Civic Center Parking Garage. Luminaires operate at a reduced power during vacancy and switch to full output when occupants approach the area.
Many of the emerging light sources used for exterior lighting, namely light-emitting diode (LED) and advanced ceramic metal halide (CMH) lamps, provide full-range dimming. Occupancy sensors have provided adaptive lighting controls in exterior parking and area lighting applications, but some applications are not compatible with sensor coverage patterns. In these scenarios, combining dimmable sources with a controller that dims based on time of day can achieve comparable energy savings to utilizing occupancy sensors.